C# Installation

.NET SDK Compiler

* Before learning the C++ language compiler installation process, you must clear a basic concept about assembler, compiler & interpreter.

C# Compiler Installation

To compile C# code, you typically use the .NET Compiler, which is part of the .NET development framework. The most common compiler for C# is the 'csc' (C# Compiler), which is included with the .NET SDK (Software Development Kit).

The .NET SDK varies slightly depending on the platform you are using. Below are instructions for installing C# on different platforms, for example, Windows, macOS, and Linux.

Windows/macOS:

Visit the official .NET download page using a web browser, and select the appropriate version of the SDK or there might be a recommended version or a long-term support (LTS) version. After that, download the installer and follow the on-screen instructions to complete the installation process.

Linux:

For Linux, the installation steps might vary based on the distribution. The following are general steps, but you may need to consult the official documentation for your specific Linux distribution.

Ubuntu:

1. Open a terminal.
2. Run the following commands:

bash Copy Code
sudo apt update
sudo apt install -y apt-transport-https
sudo apt install -y dotnet-sdk

CentOS:

1. Open a terminal.
2. Run the following commands:

bash Copy Code
sudo yum install -y centos-release-dotnet
sudo yum install -y dotnet-sdk

For other Linux distributions, you might need to refer to the .NET documentation for specific instructions.

To verify the Installation process (on windows/macOS/linux), open a terminal and run the following command:

bash Copy Code
dotnet --version

* In the next chapter, we will learn how to create & execute a console app using a terminal.

C# IDE

IDE: An IDE is a software application that provides a comprehensive set of tools and features to assist software developers in the process of writing, testing, and debugging code.

Several Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) that support C# development. Here are some of the popular IDEs for C#:

Visual Studio:

Platform:

Visual Studio is the official and most widely used IDE for C# development. It provides a comprehensive set of tools for building various types of applications, including desktop, web, mobile, cloud, and more. Visual Studio for Mac offers a similar experience on macOS.

Visual Studio Code:

Platform:

Visual Studio Code (VS Code) is a lightweight, cross-platform code editor developed by Microsoft. It has excellent support for C# through extensions. You can install the "C# for Visual Studio Code" extension to enable C# development features.

Rider:

Platform:

Rider is an IDE developed by JetBrains. It provides a rich set of features for C# development, including code analysis, debugging, and support for various .NET technologies. Rider is known for its performance and support for cross-platform development.

MonoDevelop:

Platform:

MonoDevelop is an open-source IDE that supports C# development on multiple platforms. It is associated with the Mono project, which is an open-source implementation of the .NET framework. MonoDevelop provides features for cross-platform development.

When choosing an IDE for C# development, consider factors such as your preferred platform, project requirements, and personal preferences. Visual Studio, being the official IDE, is often the default choice for many developers, but other IDEs like Visual Studio Code and Rider also have strong communities and support for C# development.

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